Short Description: Uganda population growth is becoming more urban, and the process of transition has negative impact on the physical environment, this trends towards urbanization is affecting the environment and creation of wastes, moreover the policies on waste management and sanitation cannot adequately address the twin challenge. In 1997, Busia municipal council population suffered from serious preventable disease of cholera that claimed many lives, just because of poor hygiene and sanitation practices and general poor waste management. The community have poor practices of negligent littering and indiscriminate dumping of waste associated with lack of awareness and knowledge on waste, hygiene and sanitation good practices, inadequate infrastructure for waste and sanitation management and low public involvement in waste and sanitation management are the major causes of poor environmental sanitation coverage in Busia.
The waste management project will help reduce negligent littering and indiscriminate dumping of waste through awareness building, setting up of organized waste management systems and infrastructure, establish structures at all levels for waste and sanitation monitoring and planning establishment of locally based waste recycling technologies, development waste management plan for the municipality, and supporting Busia Municipal Council to enact by-laws on waste management and hygiene.
The program is designed to contribute to improved wellbeing and health situation in Eastern Uganda. Many of Busia’s places were littered with heaps of waste between corridors, in drainages, main roads etc. About 40 percent of urban water sources were polluted commonly with E.coli, homes had no toilets, and there was not even a single system investing in waste management to restore and protect the environment .The focus on increasing and promoting community role in environment sanitation management which emphasizes on proper waste management, recycling of waste for income generation, good hygiene and sanitation in the community was virtually nonexistence. Promoting the role of landlords in hygiene and sanitation management, the role of stakeholders in waste management was viewed objectively and subjectively across the political divide.
Currently waste management in Busia is turning waste into fertilizer, bio-char production, ecological briquette production and animal feeds. It’s implemented in the twenty-four villages of Busia Municipal Council with the help of two hundred and forty (240) Village Environment Committee (VECs) members (10 from each village).Innovation
The turning point in the innovation of this project is networking and partnership which has proved successful with the local government, Civil Society Organizations and trans boundary engagement in social environmental responsible cooperation. The aim of channeling all this effort is to disseminate, share experience and popularize technical information in environmental profiting ventures and market-based approaches of material flow analysis of waste management.
Several voluntary and independent private sector waste entrepreneurs and sanitation manager have bolstered the entrepreneurship aspects that the project currently finds it promising in term of building demand, while the bottom base of the pyramid is to meet the demand by supporting social, technological and economic design of approach to drive inclusive sustainable development.
Within the broad policy scenario there are practices that has been supported with full set of equipment’s for waste recycling to produce charcoal briquette, teams engaged in sorting of waste that include plastics and polythene bags have gained skills and knowledge in organizational development, business planning, legal aspect pertaining to waste management and the economic benefits of waste recycling. This active groups are able to account for a range of stakeholder’s interest in waste management that involves broader health, environment and education imperatives.Social and institutional context of AIDA Model Initiative
It’s recognized that environmental objectives are almost tantamount to human development and understanding. Environmental ecology and development must be balanced to meet the needs of the society using the AIDA model. The organization has undertaken extensive Community mobilization and sensitization to help reach the wider unreached members of the society, through Lobbying, advocacy and networking to ensure coordination and common understanding, Provision of tools and infrastructure to support the demand created, and by meeting the demand through Promotion of re-cycling and up-cycling activities.