Food and energy production are the most critical of Uganda’s many development challenges, growth in production is essential and the challenge for Uganda’s policy makers is to enhance production in food and energy with minimal environmental damage.
The environment in Busia remains un serious threat from natural and man-made drivers of change including poverty, unsustainable use of resources, lack of enforcement, rapid population growth, urbanization, agricultural expansion and the impact of climate variability among others. All this is as a result of low interest in mainstreaming environment planning.
The population of Busia consists mostly of subsistence farmers who also practice seasonal fishing during the dry season from December to mid-March every year, which is done by burning the wetland bushes and forest reserves. Activities of the community have been altering wetland and forest habitat such as destruction of biodiversity and eco-systems. These communities have strong traditional customs and unsound practices, as many sites along the river basin, and forest reserves, wetland degradation has been wide spread in the District. The loss of the wetlands, forest and protective tree stands (PTS) and land degradation has affected the local economy as indicated by shortages of building poles, fire wood, food, and there is reduction of biodiversity, decreased fishery resources, increased wetland erosion and massive water pollutions over the years, resulting in a serious crisis threatening the livelihoods of the people, and massive devegetations.
The main aim of this programe is to involve the farmers and natural reosurce users and community land users in sustainable management and utilization of natural resources. Engage the Busia local communities in developing and adhering to appropriate management plans for natural resources, empower them to make their own plans and take decisions that incorporate their social and economic aspirations consistent with sustainable development practices of adaptive collaborative management(ACM) approach.
It helps facilitate the communities to adopt integrated resource management that enhances community livelihoods and promotes the sustainable use of land-resources and associated land use practices of ACM action plans,the most comunity based scalable activities include Community mobilization and sensitization, Tree planting, Community land use planning and management Agro-forestry related activities, Wetland and forestry management on community level, Promoting of renewable energy sources, Soil and water conservation management, Lobbying, advocacy and networking.